Hamara Qanoon

Hamara Qanoon

(Talaq) Divorce Law & Divorce Lawyers

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Expert Guidance for Smooth Divorce Proceedings and Legal Solutions

Talaq - Divorce Law & Divorce Lawyers

Divorce Law: Divorce lawyers deals with the dissolution of marriage, ending a marital union before the death of either spouse. It should be noted that divorce is distinct from an annulment, which declares a marriage void but may still recognize certain effects of the marriage such as spousal support or child custody, support, and property distribution.

In many jurisdictions, a divorce must be authorized by a court of law as a legal action to dissolve the marriage. The court determines the terms of the divorce, which may consider prenuptial or postnuptial agreements, or simply ratify privately agreed-upon terms. However, it is common for spouses to disagree on the divorce terms, leading to costly and stressful litigation. In recent years, less adversarial approaches to divorce settlements, such as mediation and collaborative divorce, have emerged to negotiate mutually acceptable resolutions. In some countries, if both spouses agree to divorce and the terms, certification can be obtained through a non-judicial administrative entity.


Following a military takeover in 1999, the Constitution was suspended, and discussions about possible amendments continued in 2000.


Under Muslim Family Laws, the contract of marriage can be dissolved in the following ways:

  1. By the husband’s will, without court intervention.
  2. By mutual consent of the husband and wife, without court intervention.
  3. By a judicial decree upon the suit of either spouse.

The wife cannot divorce herself without her husband’s consent, except under a contract made before or after marriage. However, in some cases, a wife may obtain a divorce (khula) through a judicial decree.


The following are the necessary ingredients for a valid (talaq) divorce:

  1. Intentional: A conscious and willful pronouncement of talaq with the intention to release the wife from the marital bond is a fundamental requirement. Without the element of intention, a divorce is not considered valid.
  2. Communication: The talaq must be communicated to the wife, either verbally or in writing.


  1. TALAQ-AL-AHSAN: This involves a single pronouncement of divorce during a tuhr (period between menstruations) followed by abstinence from marital relations until the iddat period ends. It is revocable during the iddat period but becomes irrevocable afterward. This form of talaq is recognized under Section 7 of the Muslim Family Law Ordinance 1961 as Talaq-e-Ahsan.
  2. TALAQ-E-HASAN (PROPER): This consists of three pronouncements made by the husband during successive tuhrs, without establishing physical relations with the wife in any of the tuhrs. It is revocable after the first and second pronouncement but becomes irrevocable after the third pronouncement.
  3. TALAQ-E-BIDDAT: This refers to three pronouncements made during a single tuhr or a single pronouncement during a tuhr, clearly indicating an irrevocable intention to dissolve the marital tie.
  4. DELEGATED DIVORCE: This form of divorce grants the wife the right to pronounce divorce upon herself, similar to the husband’s authority. The divorce pronounced by the wife through this right operates in the same manner as a divorce pronounced by the husband.
  5. TALAQ-E-MUBARAT: In this form of divorce, both husband and wife mutually agree to divorce and free themselves from the marital tie and obligations.

DIVORCE PROCESS: A Comprehensive Guide for Pakistani Muslim Citizens

If you’re a Pakistani Muslim citizen living in Pakistan and considering divorce, it’s important to understand the procedure and requirements outlined in the Muslim Family Laws Ordinance, 1961. This guide provides a detailed overview of the divorce process to help you navigate through it smoothly.

  1. Pronouncement of Divorce According to Muslim Law: To initiate the divorce (talaq) process, the husband must follow these steps:
  • Pronounce talaq/divorce in accordance with Muslim Law.
  • Serve a written notice to the Chairman of the Union Council, informing them about the divorce.
  • Provide a copy of the notice to the wife.

It is crucial to comply with these requirements to ensure the validity of the divorce.

  1. Timeframe for Divorce: Once the notice is delivered to the Chairman, the divorce does not become effective immediately. It takes a minimum of ninety days from the day of notice delivery for the divorce to be effective. During this waiting period, efforts for reconciliation may be pursued.

  2. Role of the Arbitration Council: Within thirty days of receiving the notice, the Chairman must establish an Arbitration Council. The purpose of this council is to facilitate reconciliation between the parties involved. The Arbitration Council takes necessary steps to promote reconciliation during this period.

  3. Pregnancy and Divorce: If the wife is pregnant at the time of divorce pronouncement, the divorce does not become effective until either the waiting period mentioned in point 2 expires or the pregnancy ends, whichever is later.
  4. Remarriage: If the marriage has been terminated by talaq under the Muslim Family Laws Ordinance, the wife is free to remarry the same husband without marrying someone else in between, unless the divorce has been pronounced for the third time.

  5. Jurisdiction for Divorce Proceedings: The notice under Section 7(1) must be given to the Chairman of the Union Council where the wife resides at the time of divorce pronouncement. If the wife is not residing in Pakistan, the jurisdiction lies with the Union Council where she last resided with her husband, or if not applicable, with the Union Council where the husband resides permanently in Pakistan.


If both parties to the marriage are permanent residents of a foreign country, the Union Council in Pakistan does not have jurisdiction over the divorce proceedings. In such cases, the Chairman’s role is fulfilled by an appointed officer of the Pakistan Mission abroad. However, if either spouse is living in Pakistan during the pronouncement of divorce, the divorce proceedings can be initiated in Pakistan.


There is a controversial issue surrounding the validity of triple talaq (talaq-e-biddat). The Holy Quran emphasizes arbitration and a careful process before divorce. It prescribes a waiting period, allowing for reconciliation during that time. Triple talaq in one sitting is not supported by the Quran and lacks validation.


The Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) and early Islamic leaders considered triple talaq in one sitting as a single divorce. Historical reports and scholarly opinions indicate that the intention was to prevent hasty and impulsive divorces, promoting reconciliation.


Different schools of thought within Sunni Islam have varying opinions regarding triple talaq. While some recognize talaq-e-biddat, they regard it as a sinful form of divorce. Other schools maintain that divorce occurs only once and subsequent divorces require.

Divorce Law


In Pakistan, “talaq” is a term used to refer to divorce in accordance with Islamic law (Sharia). Talaq divorce is a method of terminating a marriage contract in the Muslim community. It involves the husband pronouncing divorce, usually verbally, to his wife.

Under Pakistani law, specifically the Muslim Family Laws Ordinance, 1961, the talaq divorce process requires the husband to pronounce talaq in accordance with Islamic principles. The husband must provide a written notice to the Chairman of the Union Council, informing them about the divorce. A copy of this notice must also be given to the wife.

The talaq period in Pakistan typically lasts for three menstrual cycles if the wife is not pregnant. If the wife is pregnant, the waiting period extends until three menstrual cycles after child birth or until the pregnancy ends, whichever occurs later.

There are three types of Islamic divorce (talaq):

  1. Talaq-e-Ahsan: Husband pronounces talaq once with a waiting period.
  2. Talaq-e-Hasan: Husband pronounces talaq three times with waiting periods.
  3. Talaq-e-Biddat: Husband pronounces talaq three times in one statement, resulting in instant divorce (not recognized in many countries).

In Islam, “3 times talaq” refers to the practice of a husband saying “talaq” three times to divorce his wife. This method, known as “triple talaq,” has varying interpretations and legal implications within different Islamic traditions. Its validity and consequences differ across different countries and communities.

The possibility of taking your wife back after talaq depends on factors like the type of talaq and the waiting period. Reconciliation and remarriage may be possible during the waiting period, but guidance from a religious scholar is recommended.

In Islam, issuing one talaq is considered a revocable divorce. The husband has the option to reconcile with his wife during the waiting period (iddah) without needing a new marriage contract. If the reconciliation does not happen, the divorce becomes final after the waiting period. Guidance from a knowledgeable scholar is advised for specific cases.

In Islam, the most proper form of talaq is the one that adheres to the guidelines and procedures prescribed by Islamic law. This includes ensuring the divorce is issued in a state of sanity, in the presence of witnesses, and with clear and unambiguous language. It is recommended to seek guidance from a knowledgeable scholar to ensure the correct implementation of talaq.

The validity of talaq on WhatsApp or other electronic platforms varies among Islamic scholars. Some consider it valid if conditions are met, while others may require additional factors like witnesses. For other details please contact to our lawyer.

In Islam, grounds for talaq (divorce) can include irreconcilable differences, persistent conflict, lack of marital harmony, violation of marital obligations, and other valid reasons recognized by Islamic jurisprudence.

The percentage of couples who reconcile and get back together after divorce can vary significantly depending on various factors such as the nature of the separation, individual circumstances, and efforts made by both parties. While some couples do reunite, it is important to note that divorce typically signifies the end of a marital relationship.

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